Dry eye syndrome, a common yet often misunderstood condition, affects millions of people worldwide. Characterised by insufficient tear production or poor tear quality, it can cause persistent discomfort and even impact your vision if left unaddressed. Optiko, one of Calgary’s leading optical care providers, is dedicated to helping you understand the intricacies of dry eye syndrome, including its causes, symptoms, and effective management strategies.

In this blog post, we will explore the complex world of dry eye syndrome, delving into the science behind the condition and examining common risk factors that may contribute to its development. Armed with knowledge about dry eye syndrome, you will be better equipped to identify potential causes in your own life and seek appropriate treatment. Additionally, we will share practical tips and strategies to alleviate the symptoms of dry eye, helping you maintain good eye health and enjoy daily life without the discomfort associated with this condition.

Unraveling the Science of Dry Eye Syndrome

At its core, dry eye syndrome is a result of insufficient tear production or poor tear quality. Tears, an essential component of eye health, not only keep the surface of the eyes moist but also help remove debris and maintain clear vision. Our tears are composed of three essential layers: an oily outer layer, a watery middle layer, and a mucous inner layer. Imbalances in any of these layers can lead to dry eye syndrome, causing discomfort and potential vision problems.

There are two main types of dry eye syndrome: aqueous deficient dry eye, which results from inadequate tear production, and evaporative dry eye, which occurs when the tear film evaporates too quickly due to an imbalance in its oily component. Understanding the factors that can contribute to these imbalances is key to effectively managing dry eye syndrome.

Identifying Causes and Risk Factors of Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome can be caused by a myriad of factors, some of which are within our control, while others may be attributed to specific health conditions or external influences. Some common causes and risk factors include:

  1. Age: As we grow older, our tear production naturally decreases.
  2. Gender: Women are more prone to dry eye syndrome due to hormonal fluctuations.
  3. Medications: Certain medications, such as antihistamines and antidepressants, may reduce tear production.
  4. Medical conditions: Autoimmune diseases and inflammatory conditions, such as Sjögren’s syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis, can contribute to dry eye.
  5. Environmental factors: Exposure to smoke, wind, or dry air can result in increased tear evaporation.
  6. Computer and digital device usage: Excessive screen time can cause infrequent blinking, leading to dry eye over time.
  7. Contact lens wear: Prolonged use of contact lenses can contribute to dry eye symptoms.

Understanding which factors may be contributing to your dry eye syndrome can help guide you towards more effective management strategies and targeted treatment options.

Recognising the Symptoms of Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome can present with a range of symptoms, which can vary in severity from mild to more disruptive. Common symptoms include:

  1. Sensations of dryness, scratchiness, or grittiness in the eyes
  2. Redness and irritation
  3. Sensitivity to light
  4. Difficulty wearing contact lenses
  5. Blurry or fluctuating vision
  6. Excessive tearing or watery eyes (ironically, this occurs as a reflex response to the dryness)
  7. Eye fatigue

If you experience persistent symptoms of dry eye syndrome, it’s crucial to consult with an eye care professional for a comprehensive assessment and tailored treatment plan.

Strategies for Managing and Alleviating Dry Eye Symptoms

While dry eye syndrome can be uncomfortable and frustrating, there are several strategies that can help manage and alleviate its symptoms. Consider trying the following approaches to find relief:

  1. Use artificial tears or lubricating eye drops: These over-the-counter products can help temporarily relieve dry eye symptoms by supplementing your natural tears.
  2. Modify your environment: Humidifiers can add moisture to the air, while reducing exposure to irritants like smoke, wind, and dust can help minimise tear evaporation.
  3. Practice good screen habits: Take regular breaks from digital devices, and follow the 20-20-20 rule by looking at something 20 feet away for 20 seconds every 20 minutes.
  4. Stay hydrated: Drinking sufficient water can contribute to maintaining overall eye health, including tear production.
  5. Maintain a healthy diet: Consuming foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish, flaxseeds, or chia seeds, may help improve dry eye symptoms.
  6. Discuss medication changes with your doctor: If your dry eye syndrome is medication-related, your doctor may be able to recommend alternative treatments.
  7. Consider prescription treatments: In consultation with your eye care professional, consider prescription eye drops, punctal plugs, or more specialised treatments tailored to your specific dry eye needs.


Now armed with comprehensive knowledge of dry eye syndrome, its causes, symptoms, and management strategies, you are well-equipped to make informed decisions about your eye health. Identifying potential triggers, seeking professional guidance, and implementing targeted treatments can lead to significant improvements in your daily comfort and overall wellbeing.

At Optiko, we are committed to supporting you throughout your eye health journey by providing expert advice, valuable resources, and personalised care. If you suspect that you may have dry eye syndrome or are seeking tailored solutions for relief, our team of ophthalmologists in Calgary is here to help. Together, we can find a path towards better eye health and enhanced quality of life.